Pythagoras of Samos is often described as the first pure mathematician. He is an extremely important figure in the development of mathematics yet we know. Pythagoras: The Mathemagician. Front Cover. Karim El Koussa. - Philosophers - pages Bibliographic information. QR code for Pythagoras. : Pythagoras the Mathemagician by Karim El Koussa and a great selection of similar New, Used and.
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Version for printing Pythagoras of Samos is often described as the first pure mathematician. He is an extremely important figure in the development of mathematics yet we know relatively little about his mathematical achievements.
Unlike many later Greek mathematicians, where at least we have some of the books which they pythagoras the mathemagician, we have nothing of Pythagoras's writings.
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The society which he led, half religious and half scientific, followed a pythagoras the mathemagician of secrecy which certainly means that today Pythagoras is a mysterious figure.
We do have details of Pythagoras's life from early biographies which use important original sources yet are written by authors who attribute divine powers to him, and whose aim was to present him as a god-like pythagoras the mathemagician. What we present below is an attempt to collect together the most reliable sources to reconstruct an account of Pythagoras's life.
There is fairly good agreement pythagoras the mathemagician the main events of his life but most of the dates are disputed with different scholars giving dates which differ by 20 years. Some historians treat all this information as merely legends but, even if the reader treats it in this way, being such an early record it is of historical importance.
Pythagoras's father was Mnesarchus [ 12 ] and [ 13 ]while his mother was Pythais [ 8 ] and she was a native of Samos. Mnesarchus was a merchant who came from Pythagoras the mathemagician, and there is a story [ 12 ] and [ 13 ] that he brought corn to Samos at a time of famine and was granted citizenship of Samos as a mark of gratitude.
As a child Pythagoras the mathemagician spent his early years in Samos but travelled widely with his father. There are accounts of Mnesarchus returning to Tyre with Pythagoras and that he was taught there by the Chaldaeans and the learned men of Syria.
Pythagoras the Mathemagician
It seems that he also visited Italy with his father. Little is known of Pythagoras's childhood.
All accounts of his physical appearance are likely to be fictitious except the pythagoras the mathemagician of a striking birthmark which Pythagoras had on his thigh. It is probable that he had two brothers although some sources say that he had three.
Certainly he was well educated, learning to play the lyre, learning poetry and to recite Homer. There were, among his teachers, three philosophers who were to influence Pythagoras while he pythagoras the mathemagician a young man. One pythagoras the mathemagician the most important was Pherekydes who many describe as the teacher of Pythagoras.
The other two philosophers who were to influence Pythagoras, and to introduce him to mathematical ideas, were Thales and his pupil Anaximander who both lived on Miletus. In [ 8 ] it is said that Pythagoras visited Thales pythagoras the mathemagician Miletus when he was between 18 and 20 years old.
By this time Thales was an old man and, although he created a strong impression on Pythagoras, he probably did not teach him a great deal. However he did contribute to Pythagoras's interest in mathematics and astronomy, and advised him to travel to Egypt to learn more of these subjects.
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Thales 's pupil, Anaximander, lectured on Miletus and Pythagoras pythagoras the mathemagician these lectures. Anaximander certainly was interested in geometry and cosmology and many of his ideas would influence Pythagoras's own views. In about BC Pythagoras went to Egypt. This happened a few years after the tyrant Polycrates seized control of the city of Samos.
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There is some evidence to suggest that Pythagoras and Polycrates were friendly at first and it is claimed [ 5 ] that Pythagoras went to Egypt with a letter of introduction written by Polycrates. In fact Polycrates had an alliance with Egypt and there were therefore strong links between Samos and Egypt at this pythagoras the mathemagician.