Yearbook of the International Law Commission , Vol. I (Arabic Author: UN, ILC; Publication date: Page count: ; Language(s) in this book: Arabic. The Arab–Israeli conflict refers to the political tension, military conflicts and disputes between a . The roots of the modern Arab–Israeli conflict lie in the rise of Zionism and the .. Syria pressured President Amine Gemayel into nullifying the truce in March Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 February in Audio Books, Literature | June 6th, 35 Comments at the Internet Archive, you can find George Orwell's classic, , available as a free audio book.


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Best Books Translated into Arabic أفضل الكتب المترجمة إلى العربية

An official cablegram from the Secretary-General of the League of Arab States to the UN Secretary-General on 15 May stated publicly that Arab Governments found "themselves 1984 pdf arabic language to intervene for the sole purpose of restoring peace and security and establishing law and order in Palestine" Clause 10 e.

Further in Clause 10 e: The remainder of the Mandate consisted of Jordan, the area that came 1984 pdf arabic language be called the West Bank controlled by Jordanand the Gaza Strip controlled by Egypt.

Prior to and during this conflict,[39] Palestinian Arabs fled their original lands to become Palestinian refugeesin part due to a promise from Arab leaders that they would be able to return when the war had been won, and also in part due to attacks on Palestinian villages and towns by Israeli forces and Jewish militant groups.

The War came to an end with the signing of the Armistice Agreements between Israel and each of its Arab neighbours. The status of Jewish citizens in Arab states worsened during the Israeli-Arab war.

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Anti-Jewish riots erupted throughout the Arab World in Decemberand Jewish communities were hit particularly hard in Aleppo and British-controlled Adenwith hundreds of dead and injured. In Libya1984 pdf arabic language were deprived of citizenship, and in Iraq, their property was seized.

ISO - Documentation -- Transliteration of Arabic characters into Latin characters

Over the course of twenty years, someJews from Arab countries immigrated to Israel and other countries. Today's Palestinian refugees are the descendants of those who left, the responsibility for their exodus being a matter of dispute between 1984 pdf arabic language Israeli and the Palestinian side.

Many argued that this was also a violation of the Armistice Agreements. The United States and the United Nations soon pressured it into a ceasefire. Egypt agreed to freedom of navigation in the region and the demilitarization of the Sinai.

The Arabs responded by trying 1984 pdf arabic language divert the headwaters of the Jordan, leading to growing conflict between Israel and Syria.

Best Books Translated into Arabic أفضل الكتب المترجمة إلى العربية ( books)

On 30 MayJordan signed a mutual defense pact with Egypt. Egypt mobilized Sinai units, crossing UN lines after having expelled the UN 1984 pdf arabic language monitors and mobilized and massed on Israel's southern border. On 5 June, Israel launched an attack on Egypt.

The results of the war affect the geopolitics of the region to this day.

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They reached consensus that there should be no recognition, no peace, and no negotiations with the State of Israel, the so-called "three no's". Once Sadat took over, he tried to forge positive relations with the USA, hoping that they would put pressure on Israel to return the land, by 1984 pdf arabic language 15, 1984 pdf arabic language advisors from Egypt.

The Israeli military were caught off guard and unprepared, and took about three days to fully mobilize. In addition, these Arab countries agreed to enforce an oil embargo on industrial nations including the U.

S, Japan and Western European Countries. These OPEC countries increased the price of oil fourfold, and used it as a political weapon to gain support against Israel. The United States, wary of 1984 pdf arabic language warsecured a ceasefire on 25 October.


Under its terms, the Sinai Peninsula returned to Egyptian hands, and the Gaza Strip remained under Israeli control, to be included in a future Palestinian state.

The agreement also provided for the free passage of Israeli ships through the Suez 1984 pdf arabic language and recognition of the Straits of Tiran and the Gulf of Aqaba as international waterways.

Israel—Jordan relations In OctoberIsrael and Jordan signed a peace agreementwhich stipulated 1984 pdf arabic language cooperation, an end of hostilities, the fixing of the Israel-Jordan border, and a resolution of other issues.